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Foreign Assistance in Africa and the United States National Interest

The request for this assignment to write an Argumentative paper on the topic of how the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) enables a positive image of the U.S. States military in Africa.

I had include nine references for you review and consideration to develop this paper.

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USAID had helped the African countries on handling issues related to security, fighting diseases and providing food to the people.  Africa requires constant assistance from the United States (U.S.) to improve their position in the world to increase their possibilities of a better future.  However, the extended assistance from USAID with the support of the U.S. military such as U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) gives a questionable perception on the true interest from the U.S. in the country.

The thesis presented for this paper is: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) enables a positive image of the U.S. States military to achieve theater campaign plan objectives.

Introduction
The introduction must have an attention getter, the main points of the paper, and the last sentence of the introduction will be the thesis statement.  The following is the outline for the Argument.

United States Agency for International Development
-What is USAID
-Promotes social and economic progress
-Foster political stability
-Protects the U.S. national security interest abroad
Argument:
-How budget pressures could endanger progress in strengthening the partnership of U.S. military and USAID.
-How African countries attitudes shifting over time could undermine the military support in the country

Department of Defense (DOD) Role in Foreign Assistance
What is the Department of the Defense
-DOD Role responding to humanitarian assistance
-Building foreign military capacity and capabilities
-Strengthening foreign governments
Argument:
-How the perception of militarized aid could jeopardize
-Lack of coordination of effort between the DOD and USAID

U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) Roles and Responsibilities
Who is AFRICOM
Protect U.S. interests in the region by working with African states
Conduct military operations as directed by national command authorities
Promote U.S. strategic objectives
Argument:
-How African nations feel threatened by the U.S. presence
– How African nations feel invaded by another nation’s sovereignty

Conclusion
Sum up conclusion (sum up claim + supporting statements)

References

Anderson, G. W. (2014). Bridging the Divide: How Can USAID and DoD Integrate Security and Development More Effectively in Africa? Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 38(1), 101-126. Retrieved from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=13&sid=31166fcf-27cb-4f3f-873a-514aa71efb73%40sessionmgr120
Bachmann, J. (2010). “Kick Down the Door, Clean up the Mess, and Rebuild the House” – The Africa Command and Transformation of the US Military. Geopolitics, 15(3), 564-585. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650040903501088.
LeVan, A. C. (2010). The Political Economy of African Responses to the U.S. Africa Command. Africa Today, 57(1), 2-23. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=12&sid=9695c88e-07c6-47c5-80dd-d1acd634ada9%40sessionmgr4009
Lischer, S. K. (2007). Military Intervention and the Humanitarian “Force Multiplier”. Global Governance, 13 (1), 99-118. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=8&sid=cbc2c59b-e076-447c-86c2-e6ad4bcd770c%40sessionmgr103&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=24111997&db=aph
Patrick, S., & Brown, K. (2007).  The Pentagon and Global Development: Making Sense of the DoD’s Expanding Role. Center for Global Development, 1-18. Retrieved from https://www.cgdev.org/files/14815_file_PentagonandDevelopment.pdf
Ploch, L. (2011, July 22). Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL34003.pdf
Serafino, N. M. (2008, December 9). The Department of Defense Role in Foreign Assistance: Background, Major Issues, and Options for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL34639.pdf
United States Agency for International Development.  (n.d.).  Retrieved from https://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/usaid-history
Varhola, L. R., & Sheperd, T. E. (2013). Africa and the United States-A Military Perspective. American Foreign Policy Interests, 35(6), 325-332. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803920.2013.855546

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